"This circuit was designed to automatically activate a set of three or four small DC fans to cool a large cool-rib for a 10 Amp powersupply. Can be used in a variety of other applications as well."

Table 1
Part Description Radio Shack Digi Key Newark Notes
IC1  LM741 Op-Amp  276-007  LM741CN-ND  LM741CN  NE741,µA741, etc.
Q1  2N2222A transistor  276-2009  2N2222A-ND  2N3904  See text
D1  1N4148 Diode  276-1122  1N4148GICT-ND  1N4001  1N4001, or others
Th1  50K Thermistor    KC005T-ND  96F3309  KC005T in prototype
Re1  12V Relay  275-249  Z753-ND  83F8057  RS is 1A
R1  15K, 5% resistor      84N2487  brown-green-orange
R2,R5  10K, 5% resistor      84N2479  brown-black-orange
R3  150K, 5% resistor      84N2485  brown-green-yellow
R4  4K7, 5% resistor  271-1330    50N1628  yellow-purple-red
R6  1K, 5% resistor  271-1321    50N6012  brown-black-red
R7  1K8, 5% resistor        brown-gray-red
P1  100K Trimmer Pot        Bourns
C1  10uF/25V Capacitor        Electrolytic
C2  0.01uF, Capacitor        Ceramic
Led  Red, 3mm        Light Emitting Diode
Replacement Parts:
   Q1 = 2N3053, 2N3904, NTE123A, ECG123A, NTE128, ECG128, etc.
   D1 = 1N4001, NTE519, ECG519, NTE116 etc.
  Th1 = Thermistor, 22K - 100K.  Used 50K in prototype.
  Re1 = Relay, type 842-1C-C from "Mode Electronics". Order # 50-333-0 ($1.55)
        A reed relay will work fine also.

Newark Electronics
Radio Shack/Tandy
Radio Shack's pittyful selection of parts these days is a real headache.  
So I'm no longer gonna waste my time looking for partnumbers.  Unless I'm sure 
they carry the part.  Too bad...
Couple Notes:
Th1, the 50K thermistor, is a standard type. Mine was a bar or rectangular looking thingy. Available from Tandy/Radio-Shack. Almost any type will do. I experimented with different models from 22K to 100K and all worked fine after replacing the trimmer pot and a little bit of tuning.
The one used in the above circuit diagram was a 50K model made by Fenwal (#197-503LAG-A01). This 50K was measured at exactly 25 °C and with 10% tolerance. The resistance increases as the surrounding temperature decreases. Tolerance for my application (cooling a large powersupply coolrib) is 10%. Another name for this thing is 'NTC'. NTC stands for "Negative Temperature Coefficient" which means when the surrounding temperature decreases the resistance of this thermistor will increase. You may have to shop around to get the cheapest price. Some thermistors can be had for as little as $4.00 but as much as $55.00 Canadian currency for the glass encapsulated type (the best).
I replaced my thermistor for a 60K hermetically sealed glass type since the environment for my application may contain corrosive particles which may affect performance on a future date.

P1 is a regular Bourns trimmer and adjusts a wide range of temperatures for this circuit. I used the 10-turn type for a bit finer adjustment but the regular type will work for your application.

R1 is a 'security' resistor just in case the trimmer pot P1 is adjusted all the way to '0' ohms. At which time the thermistor would get the full 12 volt and it will get so hot that it puts blisters on your fingers... :-)
R3 feeds a bit of hysteresis back into the op-amp to eliminate relay 'chatter' when the temperature of the thermistor reaches its threshold point. Depending on your application and the type you use for Q1 and Re1, start with 330K or so and adjust its value downwards until your satisfied. The value of 150K shown in the diagram worked for me. Decreasing the value of R2 means more hysteresis, just don't use more then necessary. Or temporarily use a trimmer pot and read off the value. 120K worked for me.

Transistor Q1 can be a 2N2222(A), 2N3904, NTE123A, ECG123A, etc. Not critical at all. It acts only as a switch for the relay so almost any type will work, as long as it can provide the current needed to activate the relay's coil.

D1, the 1N4148, acts as a spark arrestor when the contacts of the relay open and eliminates false triggering. For my application the 1N4148 was good enough since the tiny relay I used was only 1 amp. However, you can use a large variety of diodes here, my next choice would be a regular purpose 1N4001 or something and should be used if your relay type can handle more then 1 amp.

Circuit digagram, PCB, and Layout are updated with C1, C2, R7, and Led. C1 and C2 are new to eliminate switching noise from the relay in some applications. The optional Led and resistor have been added to the circuit board and layot for your convenience. The relay used here and in the KIT is a small 12V/0.5A type. If the relay rattles increase the feedback resistor R3 to 180K or a little higher, and small ceramic cap over the coil connections in parallel with diode D1. A 1N4148 diode is specified for a small relay. If you use a larger relay used a 1N4001 or 1N4004.

If you like to make your own pcb, try the one below. The pcb is fitted with holes for the relay but may not fit your particular relay. It was designed for a Aromat HB1-DC12V type. The variety and model of relays is just to great. How to mount it then? Well, I left ample space on the pcb to mount your relay. You can even mount it up-side-down and connect the wires individually. Use Silicon glue, cyanoacrylate ester (crazy glue), or double-sided tape to hold the relay in place. Works well. Note that the pcb and layout is not according to the circuit diagram in regards to the hookup of the fans. The PCB measures approximately 1.5 x 3 inches (4.8 x 7.6mm)
If you print the pcb to an inkjet printer it is probably not to scale. Try to fit a 8-pin ic socket on a printed copy to make sure it fits the scale before printing to a transparancy sheet and making the pcb...

(C) Tony van Roon  (C) Tony van Roon

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Copyright © 2003 - Tony van Roon